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Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. The province of Quebec is by far the largest producer, representing Maple syrup and maple sugar products are made by boiling down the sap of maple trees. Maple curing was a food preservation method practised by the Anishinaabe that allowed communities to keep food stores for winter months when food was scarce.
Techniques varied, but Indigenous peoples tapped trees by cutting v-shaped patterns into the bark or by inserting basswood or willow tubes into the tree. Birch -bark bowls were placed beneath the tap to catch the watery sap in early spring, when sap was made into syrup using different methods. Some left the sap out in the cold and threw away the frozen water that separated from the sugary syrup.
Others boiled the sap down to syrup by adding hot rocks to birch-bark pots or boiled the sap in clay or metal kettles over a fire. French settlers learned from the Indigenous peoples how to tap trees to obtain sap and how to boil it to reduce it to sweet syrup or sugar slabs to be stored for later use. Maple sugar production began among settlers in the late s and early s. Colonists drilled holes into maples and fitted them with wooden spouts through which sap flowed and was collected in hollowed-out logs.
Over time, innovations in evaporation methods decreased the amount of time it took to boil down the sap. Improvements were also made in the way sap was tapped and transported from trees to the sugar shack.
In the fall, the sugar maple lays down concentrated sugars in the rays of the tree groups of cells that carry and store nutrients. These sugars mature during winter and are harvested while the frost is still in the ground. The clear sap rushes out of these taps and into the collection system.
As pressure in the tree drops during the day, the sap flow slows down and stops. Negative pressure is then found within the tree, and it begins to absorb water through its root system.
The next day, as the tree warms up, positive pressure is restored, creating another flow. The process continues for about six weeks in early spring, between March and April. At the end of that time, the sap takes on a cloudy appearance, and the sugar content drops off dramatically.
During the height of the sugaring season, sap contains between 2 per cent and 5 per cent sugar. Near the end of the season, sap contains less than 1 per cent sugar.
During the maple harvest, a tree will release about 7 per cent of its sap. Tests confirm that this does no long-term damage to the tree. Many tapped trees are well over years old. There are various sap-gathering methods. Traditional bucket collection, although still used throughout the Maple Belt, is being replaced by a vacuum-tubing system that reduces labour and creates a more sanitary environment for collection. Usually, these systems transport sap directly from trees to one or many collection points, from which sap is transported for processing.
Once the maple sap is collected, the dilute raw material is reduced by evaporation to remove excess water; nothing is added. It takes approximately 30 to 45 L of maple sap the typical amount of sap one tree produces over the course of the sugar season to produce 1 L of pure maple syrup. The trees on 1 hectare of land can yield about L of syrup.
Water can be removed from sap using various systems, from wood-fired evaporators to reverse osmosis systems that separate water from sugar molecules at high pressure. In , there were 11, maple farms in Canada and 47 million taps. Those farms produced The province of Quebec , with 7, farms and 42 million taps, produced The rest of the Canadian production came from New Brunswick 4 per cent , Ontario 3 per cent and Nova Scotia 1 per cent. However, its share of world production fell from 80 per cent to 71 per cent between and due to rising competition from the United States.
Canadian maple products are exported to over 68 countries. The most important export market is the United States, to which Canadian producers send Other principal buyers are Germany 9. Maple syrup is a pure, natural sweetener. It has an abundance of trace minerals that are essential to good nutrition, including potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese, iron, zinc, copper and tin, as well as calcium.
Maple syrup is graded according to colour, flavour and density; standards are prescribed by federal regulation. Anything less or more cannot be graded and sold as pure maple syrup see also Agriculture and Food Policy.
In the early s, the traditional buyers were large food companies. Efforts were made to develop a new market aimed directly at the consumer. Growth in that market rejuvenated the industry. Today, US and Canadian grading standards are harmonized. Maple syrup is still served mainly over pancakes and considered a condiment, though it is now used to prepare sauces, glazes and vinaigrettes or in marinades and in baking.
An order from the federal government in the s granted the QMSP authority over the sale, pricing and export of syrup. QMSP sets annual quotas for all producers. It also tries to level the price of syrup through its Global Strategic Reserve, two large warehouses in Laurierville and Saint-Louis-de-Blandford, Quebec.
All the syrup in the province flows through these warehouses, where more than 60 million pounds of reserve maple syrup is held in barrels the amount in reserve varies. In years when production is low, syrup from this reserve is introduced into the market to offset short supply, thereby lowering prices inflated by high demand. Unhappy that they are required by law to work with a syndicate that controls their production, some try to circumvent the QMSP by selling their syrup on their own, which the QMSP considers illegal activity.
With increased demand for maple syrup and an average annual yield, the reserve would allow the QMSP to meet domestic and international demand for the product. To replenish the reserve and meet market demand, the QMSP is approving 7 million new taps. From between and , thieves stole approximately 2, tonnes of maple syrup from the Saint-Louis-de-Blandford strategic reserve.
The leaf of the sugar maple , for example, is at the centre of the National Flag of Canada see also Emblems of Canada. Maple products are commonly sold in tourist shops across the country and given as diplomatic gifts.
Even at the height of Catholicism until the mids, when the sugar season coincided with Lent, a period of fasting and penitence before Easter , sugar shacks were popular places to celebrate the end of winter and the arrival of milder temperatures. Now, in the spring, people gather for le temps des sucres maple season on maple farms to eat a meal, listen to traditional music and eat taffy on snow when maple syrup is boiled, turning it into a more concentrated consistency, and spread out to cool on snow.
The traditional meal often includes ham, omelette, pea soup, baked beans, sausages, potatoes, pancakes and oreilles de crisse crispy pork rinds , all dipped in maple syrup if wanted. In Ontario, children often visit sugar shacks on school trips or with their families in spring, where they learn how syrup is made and taste freshly made maple products, usually maple taffy.
Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. Remember me. I forgot my password. Why sign up? Create Account. Suggest an Edit. Enter your suggested edit s to this article in the form field below. Accessed 06 October Maple Syrup Industry. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Article published February 07, ; Last Edited March 30, The Canadian Encyclopedia.
Thank you for your submission Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. Article by Leo H. Previous Next. Harvesting Maple Sap In the fall, the sugar maple lays down concentrated sugars in the rays of the tree groups of cells that carry and store nutrients.
How much maple syrup does canada make moneycontrol 15. Stovec Industries Ltd.
It might sound strange, but one bitterly cold day in Churchill Manitoba, CanadaI wanted to break open the prison door and hug an inmate. A big, burly, white prisoner who had strayed into the town, rummaging dumpsters and scaring the neighbourhood.
I had wriggled into thermal wear, snow boots and thick mittens, and get into a charter flight to reach this prison. It was nearly degrees Celsius; the wind was howling, and I was how much maple syrup does canada make moneycontrol 15 to the bone, but my heart was racing with excitement. In Churchill, the Polar Bear Capital of the World, it would be barmy to hug a polar bear, the /26797.txt carnivorous land mammal on Earth – nearly kilograms in weight and 11 ft tall on its hindlegs.
That prison that I wanted to break open is a Holding Facility for rogue polar bears that swagger into the town looking for food. Thus began my Polar Bear Expedition in Churchill, often called the best place in the world to see polar bears in their natural habitat. Photo by Preeti Verma Lal. That disappointment ended as soon as I hopped into a horsepower Tundra Buggy to drive to where the bears lived: Polar Bear Point, a neighbourhood of nearly polar bears who walk inland in early winter waiting for the Hudson Bay to freeze and for the seals — their favourite lunch — to pop their heads out of the breathing holes.
The drive into the wilderness was bumpy. It was so barren. No human. No vegetation around. Just miles and miles of snow and ice floe on lakes. I could hear the scratchy zuk zeeek zeeek call of the white-tailed ptarmigan. The white fox with prized fur how much maple syrup does canada make moneycontrol 15 here too. And the snowy owl, camouflaged against the white of the landscape. And the four white bogies of the Tundra Buggy Lodge where I was to bunk for the next three nights.
The next morning, I was up before the sun. There were hot pancakes and maple syrup for breakfast. Many layers of snug, thermal clothing were needed to keep the cold out. The engine of the Buggy was being revved up and the expedition leader was stacking soup bowls, cookies, tootsie rolls, hot chocolate, shredded tuna, artichoke dip for the day out in the wild in search of polar bears.
Despite the layers, the chill was treacherous. I stood by the propane heater looking out of the window for polar bears. A few meters away, two pound polar bears were sparring, playing in the snow, shaking the snowflakes off their fur, grunting with pride, oblivious of the world — and the people — around them. I could not believe that these ft tall bears can jump 6 feet and run at 25 km per hour.
I stood staring, and forgot to blink. The itinerary was repetitive. Every morning, I wriggled into Arctic gear. The expedition leader stacked lunch, and the driver meandered through the dirt track. And the bears? They were always there. One day, how much maple syrup does canada make moneycontrol 15 fat bear walked up to the Buggy. The bear was so close, it could have munched me for lunch. For three days, I did not touch land. I survived without the cell phone.
But I watched the polar bears sparring, playing, nudging, детальнее на этой странице, plodding on mounds of snow. It took a little coaxing, but the driver reluctantly agreed to let me drive the tonne gigantic Tundra Buggy.
Hesitantly, I steered the wheel how much maple syrup does canada make moneycontrol 15 the snow sheets. What if it skidded? What if… Nothing untoward happened. The Buggy with monster tyres did not turn /24156.txt. Faraway, I watched a polar bear amble towards the shore.
The good fella could have hitched a ride with me. He did not! You can also go dog sledding in Churchill. Beneath all that thick fur, their skin is jet black.
This makes polar bears the largest land carnivore in the world. Reproduction of news articles, photos, videos or any other content in whole or in part in any form or medium without express writtern permission of moneycontrol.
International Polar Bear Day In Churchill, Canada – the polar bear capital of the world Nearly polar bears how much maple syrup does canada make moneycontrol 15 inland to Polar Bear Point in early winter, waiting for the Hudson Bay to freeze and for the seals — their favourite lunch — to pop their heads out of the breathing holes. Preeti Verma Lal. Related stories. Trending news.
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Beneath all that thick fur, their skin is jet black. A technical collaboration agreement was entered how much maple syrup does canada make moneycontrol 15 with Stork Screens B. Photo by Preeti Verma Lal. Return on Investment. Related stories. That disappointment ended as soon as I hopped into a horsepower Tundra Buggy to drive to where the bears lived: Polar Bear Point, a neighbourhood of nearly polar bears who walk inland читать полностью early winter waiting for the Hudson Bay to freeze and for the seals — their favourite lunch — to pop their heads out of the breathing holes.
Canadian Maple Syrup: Everything You Need to Know – Insurdinary.International Polar Bear Day | In Churchill, Canada – the polar bear capital of the world
Did you know that 75 percent of the world’s maple syrup production occurs in Canada? On top of that, 92 percent originates from Quebec. Other provinces such as New Brunswick four percent , Ontario three percent , and Nova Scotia one percent are responsible for more of the production of maple syrup but to a lesser degree than Quebec.
The second-biggest producer of Maple Syrup is the United States, but Canada is truly the home of maple syrup. In Canada, maple syrup goes beyond being a product we produce and is truly part of our culture. For our fellow Canadians looking for something sweet, keep reading to learn about another Canadian national treasure , maple syrup. What did the Canadian maple syrup farmer say when he saw a beautiful sugar maple tree? I’d tap that. In , Canadian maple producers harvested This passed the record of Due to this increase, sales in were up 7.
That’s a lot of maple. Across Canada, you will find many maple syrup farms. Some of these farms you can visit and buy products from. There are also many Canadian maple syrup festivals to hit up during the year at various farms.
These farms range from small to large, and you will even find some organic maple farms along the way. The indigenous people of Canada , such as the Abenaki, Haudenosaunee, and Mi’kmaq people, utilized maple before European settlers arrived in Canada.
Early stories talk about using the “sweet water” to cook venison. The Anishinaabe would cure their food with maple. This allowed them to have food stored up during the winter months. Early production of maple involved cutting v-shaped patterns or inserting willow or basswood tubes into the sugar maple tree.
A bowl made of birch bark would get placed underneath. This often occurred in the early spring, and the product from the tree would get made into sugary syrup in various ways. When French settlers came to Canada , they learned from the indigenous people how to get sap from the trees and reduce it to syrup or sugar slabs. Production of maple syrup by settlers began in the late s and early s.
Settlers would drill holes into the trees and insert wooden spouts. The spouts would allow the sap to flow through them. Settlers would collect the sap in hollowed-out logs. Here the sap would get turned into syrup. This syrup has been used in a variety of products over the years. Canada is famous for its delicious maple syrup. The amazing Canadian summer would not be possible without its maple trees. As of today, the maple industry is one of the most critical sectors in Canada and provides an opportunity of income for people in the most remote areas in the world.
The process of making maple syrup starts at the tree. There are a variety of trees that can get used in this process. Some of the maple trees you will see get tapped are:. The highest concentration of sugar will come from the sap of the sugar maple tree. The amount of sap you need to make syrup is dependent on the tree. For a sugar maple tree, 40 gallons of sap will make one gallon of syrup.
However, when tapping a box elder tree, 60 gallons of sap may be needed to make that same one gallon of syrup. Maple trees typically can get tapped once they reach 30 to 40 years of age. The number of times a tree can get tapped in the season is dependent on the diameter of the tree. Once a maple tree is eight inches in diameter or more, it can get tapped. With every additional 20 cm, the tree can get tapped more than once during the season.
The maximum number of taps on a single tree per season is three. This is to protect the trees and to allow them to continue to grow and be healthy. When maple trees get tapped is dependent on the region you live in and the weather. Temperatures that alternate between freezing and thawing will create pressure that allows the sap to flow when tapping a tree. You want the night to be below freezing.
However, warmer temperatures are needed during the day. Typically the days should be running around 4 degrees celcius. In these conditions, a pressure is created that pushes the water to the bottom of the tree and allows the sap to get collected. The gathering time for sap is generally four to six weeks long. This time generally goes from early March to late April in Canada.
The end of the season is indicated by the temperatures remaining above freezing and leaf buds appearing on the trees. Once the trees have been tapped, and you have the sap, the process of making maple syrup begins. Sap needs to get evaporated quickly after getting collected. If the sap is not boiled right away, it can ferment. Fermented sap is going to create a syrup that tastes “off. This means that the water needs to get evaporated and boiled down to create a syrup. This is typically done utilizing a commercially produced evaporated pan.
The pan is specifically made to produce maple syrup. However, in the early days, the indigenous people would either boil the sap by adding hot rocks to birch bark pots or bail the sap in clay or metal kettles over the fire. Some would even simply leave the sap out in the cold and throw away the frozen water as it separated from the syrup. Early settlers would use large metal kettles over a fire.
With technological advancements, today’s process is much shorter than what the indigenous people and early settlers of Canada experienced. Today a thermometer and hydrometer are typically used to ensure that the sap reaches the correct temperature to create a syrup. Once the sap has been evaporated, it will be 33 percent water and 67 percent sugar. It has a light golden coloured hue.
The flavour is delicate and sweet. This syrup tastes rich and pure. Amber maple can get used in a variety of dishes, including vinaigrettes and desserts. This syrup has a flavour that is more pronounced and caramelized. That makes the dark robust taste syrup excellent for baking, cooking, and sauces. True to its name, it will have the most pronounced flavour. The flavour will be distinctive and rich, making it an excellent choice for colouring and perfuming sauces and glazes.
Maple syrup is reported to be healthy due to being high in antioxidants. In addition, you can find riboflavin, magnesium, zinc, potassium, and calcium in maple syrup. Maple syrup also has a lower glycemic index than sugar. Darker coloured syrups are reported to have a high level of antioxidant activity which can decrease the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. In addition, it can aid in digestion because of a prebiotic fibre contained within it. Because of this, the consumption of maple syrup is encouraged by many.
However, you must also take into consideration the sugar content of maple syrup. While some may encourage you to “pour it on” and experience the benefits, others caution lovers of maple syrup to utilize it in moderation due to the high sugar content. Maple season can be torture for those who love that maple taste but can’t do the sugar. However, sugar-free maple syrups do exist.
As the years have gone by, new technology has allowed delicious products to get developed for everyone who wants some maple. While there are many sugar-free maple products out there, not all are created equal.
However, Canadian companies such as ChocZero have created products that will leave your taste buds tingling with delight. This company makes keto products. ChocZero has a sugar-free maple syrup that gets made utilizing all-natural maple extract.
They sweeten it naturally with monk fruit. For the calorie-conscious, what do maple syrup calories look like? While there are undoubtedly higher-calorie foods out there, maple syrup should still get consumed in moderation.
The number of calories in your maple syrup is, in part, going to depend on the syrup you buy. Sugar-free alternatives like the one discussed above can be around 35 calories per serving. Maple syrup options with sugar can vary significantly in calories. However, typically you will see the calories for a serving size of one tablespoon ranging around 50 to 55 calories. Two things you will find in abundance in Canada are snow and maple syrup.